The Rights of the Bereaved
There are few things as devastating as the loss of a loved one, be it suddenly or following a protracted illness; there is little that can cause the same sense of loss that is felt for years after the initial bereavement. That is why there are numerous ways in which the state can help you through the minefield of paperwork when you are least likely to able to deal with it.
What to do When Someone DiesThere is no specific legislation, such as an Article in The Human Rights Act to cover your rights following your loss; this should not impact too greatly on you as there are a raft of procedures and policies in place to help you. No-one expects you to deal with any of the paperwork or legalities immediately after your bereavement but, within the first five days of the death, you need to notify various people, such as:
- Register the death at the Registry Office
- Notify their Doctor, if they were not present at the time of death
- Contact a funeral director to start making funeral arrangements
- Notify the Executors (if this is not you) to enable them to start applying for probate and dealing with the Estate
- The local authority in relation to any benefits, taxes or permits
- Banks, Insurance companies and financial institutions
- Anyone the deceased pays money to, such as utility companies, magazines and even the newspaper shop
- Schools and colleges if the deceased was still in education
You may not need to do all of this yourself, often a close friend or relative can deal with some of these for you; it may be that others can only be dealt with by the Executors of the estate. Your local authority offices should be able to point you in the right direction.
When Someone Dies OverseasIf your relative has passed away while living, working or on holiday abroad, then you need to contact the Foreign and Commonwealth office to arrange for their body to be brought back to the UK. They will handle things for you and keep you fully informed of the progress in the arrangements. You will be expected to pay for the transport of the remains, but this should not be prohibitive and in most cases you would be able to get repayment from the estate.
Help and Counselling Following a BereavementIn addition to the general help and advice from Doctors, Solicitors and Social Services, you may find some comfort in the assistance of organisations specially set up to provide counselling. You are, after all, a human being and no matter how strong we may pretend to be, we have the human right to support and comfort from our friends, family and wider community.Some of the groups include:
- The Samaritans
- Support after Murder and Manslaughter (SAMM)
- SSAFA Force Help
There are numerous other groups and your local library should be able to provide you with a full list of what is available in your area or via the phone or internet.